Monday, 4 August 2014

Jamun or syzygium cumini for Diabetes

1. The Fruits of Jamun

Jamun is an evergreen tropical tree and is called syzygium cumini in scientific parlor. It is sometimes called as blackberry but the latter is a different fruit belonging to different family. It is found in India and the south East Asian countries. It is a very popular fruit in India and it is not very costly.

A 100 gram of fruit contains 62 K Calories, 1.2mg iron, 15mg of calcium and phosphorus each, 18mg vitamin C, 48 microgram carotene, 55mg potassium and 25mg magnesium and sodium each.  It is a rich source in vitamin A and vitamin B too.
2. The Flowers of Jamun
The Tree, Fruits and Flowers
The growth of this ornamental tree is very slow and can reach up to 30 meters in height. It can live for more than a century, its dense foliage provides shade and its wood is hard and water resistant.
Its young leaves are pink which later become dark green with yellow midrib having turpentine like aroma and used as fodder for its nutritive value.
The flowering begins in March and the large oblong berries like fruits develop in June. The fruits are green which mature into pink to shining crimson black.  Some variants produce white fruits. The flavor of the fruit is a combination of astringent, sweet and little sour. It colors the tongue purple.
The Benefits
The fruit increases the hemoglobin and is used in anemia.
The intake of fruit imparts extra glow to the skin.
The fruit is best for vitiligo or the white spots on skin.
The fruit is best for the type II diabetes.  The leaf, bark and seeds are used to control blood pressure and diabetes in traditional medicines. The blood glucose level gets reduced by the intake of fruit pulp or seed or bark extract. Oral intake of dry extract of the seeds is very effective in reducing the levels of blood sugar.

The intake of salt sprinkled fruits gives benefits in diarrhea, stool bleeding and dysentery.

The juice of fruits is very effective in mouth ulcers.

Due to its anti-cancer qualities, the fruit is beneficial in radiations and chemotherapy.
The leaves and bark control gingivitis.
The ripe fruit is beneficial in kidney stones. The intake of the powder of seeds with curd reduces the kidney stones.
The fruit helps in constipation and strengthens the lever.
The powder of the seeds is used to help in digestion and to strengthen the gut in the Chinese system of medicines.
In arthritis the tropical application of extract of the bark alleviates the pain.
The fruit is used to make wine and vinegar.

1. Photo Credit- Wikimedia Commons by Rajeah dangi 
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2. Photo Credit- Wikimedia Commons by Forestowlet
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